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What is Menstruation?

Menstruation or Periods is a natural phenomenon that every female goes through as she hits puberty. It is the monthly excretion of the uterine lining of a woman, also known as the uterus. It is also known by the terms’ menstruation (menstrual period) and cycle (period). The menstrual fluid contains blood cells and the thickened lining of the uterus (endometrium) and its endometrial cells (mucus).

Menstruation is part of the monthly menstrual cycle, the regular cycle of hormones that occur in the female reproductive system to facilitate pregnancy. Menstrual blood is blood and tissue from inside a uterus that flows from the uterus through the cervix and vagina into the body. The menstrual cycle is a term used to describe the sequence of events that happen in a woman’s body every month as she prepares for the possibility of pregnancy.

Why does a Female Body go through this?

Menstruation (also known as period and many other colloquial terms) is the irregular discharge of blood from mucus tissue, the lining of the uterus and the vaginal canal. During menstruation, the blood from the tissue of the uterus emerges from the vagina. Your menstrual cycle (period) is controlled by the hormones Estrogen and Progesterone.

During your menstrual cycle, your hormones instruct one of your ovaries to release a mature egg, and this is known as ovulation. This phase empties the follicles in the ovaries, and the eggs left behind form hormones that signal the endometrium to prepare for egg fertilization. Throughout the cycle, the hormones that make up the eggs in the ovaries mature, and when an egg matures, it means that it is ready to be fertilised by sperm.

When pregnancy fails, your body releases hormones that cause the lining of the uterus to collapse. The food flows out of the body, and at this point, you get your next period, and a new menstrual cycle begins. Your menstrual cycle lasts from the first day of your period to the first day after.

Duration of Menstruation   

Your period can last between 3 and 8 days or up to 5 days. Periods are part of the menstrual cycle, and a woman bleeds from her vagina for a few days. For most women, this happens every 28 days, but it is common for periods to occur less frequently, ranging from 21 days to 40 in their menstrual cycle.

The average duration of a menstrual cycle is 28 to 29 days but can vary from cycle to cycle. A menstrual cycle only counts the first day of a period, and the first few days of the next period may not be the same for all women. Your menstrual cycle can be regular (same length every month) or irregular (your periods can be light, heavy, painful, painless, long or short), but all are considered normal.

Understand your body

Remember that using certain types of contraception, such as prolonged-cycle birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs), can alter your menstrual cycle. It is important to stay in tune with your body and speak to your doctor if you notice significant changes in your menstrual cycles. Remember that a normal menstrual cycle means something different to every woman.

Involved in the evaluation of the menstrual cycle and additional vital signs, the doctor should emphasize the importance of the cycle for the evaluation of the general health status of the patient and the caretaker.

Your First Period

Understanding how menstruation works can help you understand how your cycle works. When girls start menstruating, doctors should ask for screening on the first day of their last menstrual cycle or during a menstrual cycle with a full visit to the patient.

Menstrual cycles are a monthly series of changes that a female body undergoes to prepare for the possibility of pregnancy. Your menstrual cycle is part of your physical preparation for a possible pregnancy every month. Menstrual cycle disorders are not always severe, but they can signal health problems.

The body prepares itself for Menstruation

Ovulation occurs when an unfertilized egg is excreted from the vagina in the lining of the uterus. 25 On days 6 or 14 is an egg from one of the ovaries is released and begins its journey through the fallopian tubes into the uterus.

The endometrium begins to build up about 2 weeks after the last period and the oocyte is released. The first day of vivid red bleeding at the end of this phase of the menstrual cycle is called ovulation. During these days, blood, tissue, and menstrual fluid leave the body, and the vagina is visible, but this part of the process is part of being a girl or woman that needs to be managed.

The menstrual cycle is controlled by a complex orchestra of hormones produced by two structures in the brain – the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland – and ovary gland – cells.

The exact timing of each phase of the menstrual cycle is slightly different for each woman and changes over time. Normal mood swings in women can also be attributed to the menstrual cycle.

Changes in Estrogen and Progesterone levels during the menstrual cycle have systemic effects on all aspects of physiology, including brain metabolism and the musculoskeletal system. As a result, there are subtle physiological observable changes in women’s athletic performance, including strength and aerobic and anaerobic performance. However, much research on seemingly small increases in mood swings during the luteal (menstrual) phase and corresponding decreases during the rest of the cycle is weak.

Common Symptoms during Menstruation

In most women, different physical changes are caused by fluctuations in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle is a hormonally controlled cycle from the first day (the first day of your period) to the bleeding on the 14th day (approximate day of ovulation if the egg is not fertilized) until the hormone level drops to the 25th day (when the egg begins to dissolve) and the cycle starts on the 30th day with a period. In addition to bleeding, other signs and symptoms of menstruation include headaches, acne, bloating, lower abdominal pain, fatigue, mood swings, food cravings, chest pain and diarrhoea.

Each step of the menstrual cycle is triggered by the rise and fall of hormones in the body. The average cycle is 28 days, but cycles can last between 21 days and 35 days.

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